A320 nearly struck terrain during go around at Paris-CDG

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A320 nearly struck terrain during go around at Paris-CDG

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Date: 23-MAY-2022
Time: 11:41 UTC
Type: Airbus A320-233
Owner/operator: Norwegian Air Sweden, opb AirHub Airlines
Registration: 9H-EMU
MSN: 1087
Fatalities: Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 178
Other fatalities: 0
Aircraft damage: None
Category: Serious incident
Location: 1 nm E of Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport (CDG/LFPG) –
  France

Phase: Approach
Nature: Passenger – Scheduled
Departure airport: Stockholm-Arlanda Airport (ARN/ESSA)
Destination airport: Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport (CDG/LFPG)
Investigating agency:  BEA
Confidence Rating: Information verified through data from accident investigation authorities

Narrative:
Norwegian Air Sweden flight D84311, an Airbus A320-233, nearly struck the ground on approach to Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport in France when it descended to 6 feet above ground level during a go-around.

The flight was operated by AirHub Airlines on behalf of Norwegian Air Sweden and had departed Stockholm-Arlanda Airport (ARN), bound for Paris-CDG. Weather at Paris-Charles de Gaulle was poor due to Cumulonimbus (CB) clouds with rain showers, causing limited visibility.
The flight was cleared for an Required Navigation Performance (RNP) approach to runway 27R. The lateral guidance in this RNP approach relied on satellite (GNSS) positioning. Vertical guidance was based on the aircraft barometric altitude.

During descent, the Intermediate (ITM) controller at CDG twice reported the QNH altimeter pressure setting to be 1011 instead of 1001 mb.
The controller also reported this incorrect setting to an easyJet flight, but that crew read back the correct value (1001).
The ITM instructed later gave instructions to an Air France flight, in French, with the correct QNH 1001.
The flight crew was subsequently cleared to land by the Tower controller while descending around 280 ft below the descent profile.
The ground Minimum Safe Altitude Warning (MSAW) was then triggered and the controller radioed the crew. The crew stated they did not hear this radio-communication. However, the crew initiated a go-around. The minimum radio-altimeter height was recorded at 6 ft above the ground, at 0.8 NM from the runway threshold.
A second approach was flown based on the same erroneous QNH, again resulting in an MSAW warning with ATC. This time the flight crew were able to see the runway and PAPI’s, corrected the flight path on final and then landed without further incident.

Weather reported about the time of the incident (1141Z):
LFPG 231100Z 25008KT 9999 SHRA SCT016 BKN028 19/14 Q1001 TEMPO 3500 SHRA SCT060CB
LFPG 231200Z 29010KT 5000 SHRA FEW010 BKN015 BKN028 FEW050CB 16/15 Q1001 TEMPO 3500 SHRA SCT060CB

Sources:

https://bea.aero/en/investigation-reports/notified-events/detail/serious-incident-to-the-airbus-a320-registered-9h-emu-operated-by-airhub-on-23-05-2022-at-paris-charles-de-gaulle-ad/
https://uk.flightaware.com/live/flight/9HEMU/history/20220523/0932Z/ESSA/LFPG

https://bea.aero/fileadmin/user_upload/BEA2022-0219_9H-EMU_preliminary_report_for_publication_EN_finalise.pdf

Location

Images:

Photo of 9H-EMU courtesy AirHistory.net


Palma de Mallorca (LEPA / LESJ / PMI)
14 June 2022; (c) Javier Rodríguez


Figure: BEA

Revision history:

Date/time Contributor Updates
03-Jun-2022 07:41 harro Added
03-Jun-2022 07:43 harro Updated [Time, Narrative]
11-Jul-2022 14:48 harro Updated [Total occupants, Source]
11-Jul-2022 15:53 harro Updated [Location, Narrative]
13-Jul-2022 08:54 harro Updated [Narrative, Photo]
13-Jul-2022 08:56 harro Updated [Category]

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